Botosani County - Economy
In Botosani county, the working people represents 72% from the whole population and the distribution is in principal: 18,1% in Industry, 53,9% in Agriculture, 10,9% in Trade and Services, 4,85% in Teaching System, 3,5% in Health sector.
By the end of 2017, a total of 6592 legal entities were registered in Botosani County, of which 6383 S.R.L. companies, 54 S.A. companies, 114 Agricultural Cooperatives, 41 Cooperative Societies and a number of 7518 authorized persons.
In Botosani almost all the industrial branches are represented and a very large variety of products are achieved: light industry and clothing (31%), food industry (22%), electrical devices (10%), technical articles of rubber (8,4%), furniture (2,4%). The clothing industry in Botosani County is unique at national level given the large number of employees in this sector, as well as the existing factories. All of these factories work mainly for export, having contracts, either directly or through intermediary companies, with the world's leading fashion designers.
Agriculture is the main economic branch of the county and concentrates most of the labor force. 80% of the total area of the county is the agricultural area, with 60% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture has undergone major transformations, currently practicing ecological agriculture, fruit growing (eg. apple orchards from Sulita, Curtesti), zootechnics etc.
In 2017 the arable land was 298.738 ha. The meadows spread over an area of 14.635 ha and provide, in large part, the necessary feed for the livestock. Also, the county is rich in vineyards (1.680 ha) and orchards (2.559 ha).
Although there has been a decrease in animal breeding, however, the county is one of the country's largest sheep breeders (over 500.000 heads). There are also a large number of pigs and cattle, mostly in the private sector.
The goods trade is a distinct sector in the economy and it has experienced relative growth compared to other sectors. In recent years the number of business people working in the trade has increased. Of these, the most important are those with private capital. In this sector there was an infusion of foreign capital and 68 mixed companies were formed. The evolution of the economic development will also influence the trade in the county.
Hunting and fishing
As complementary branches of the county economy, hunting and fishing are areas of great tourist attraction. Hunting is mostly linked to forests where many animals of hunting interest live.
Fishing has expanded more in ponds where systematic fish farming is practiced. Moreover, fishing has old traditions in this part of the country.
Accessibility is an essential condition for effective economic development. That is why there is a continuing concern for creating a modern infrastructure.
The road network of Botosani County includes: 9 national road routes; 29 county road routes; 175 communal roads. At the moment, the total length of public roads in Botosani County is 2.504 km, divided into national road sectors, county roads and communal roads.
Of the 651,735 km long county roads, 230,374 km are upgraded; the rest of 270,471 km were rehabilitated with light asphaltic clothing and 150,890 km were paved .
Through 2nd Axis of the 2007-2013 Regional Operational Program the following roads in the county were rehabilitated:
DJ 294, Mihălășeni DN 24 C, km 22+100 29+160
DJ 291 B, Lozna Dersca Mihăileni, km 7+900 20+750
DJ 291D, Cristinești Suharău Oroftiana, km 18+000 31+000
DJ 208 H, Pădureni Coșula Buda, km 34+150 39+150
DJ 282 H, Călărași Libertatea DN 24 C, km 6+540 11+540
DJ 208 H, DN 28 B (E 58), Copălău-Cerbu-Dracșani DJ 297, km 39+150 46+850
DJ 207 N, Botoșani-Curtești-Cristești DN 28 B, km 0+900 13+900.
Under the 2014-2020 Regional Operational Program, Priority Axis 6 - Improving the regional infrastructure, the project "NORTH-EAST REGION - STRATEGIC ROAD AXIS 2: BOTOȘANI - IAȘI" is financed. The total value of the project is 334.307.160, 01 lei.
This project is under implementation and its beneficiaries are Botosani County Council and Iași County Council, which made a partnership, together with the 15 communes on the proposed financing route: Albești, Blândești, Călărași, Dângeni, Dobârceni, Gorbănești, Hănești, Hlipiceni, Lunca, Mihălășeni, Răuseni, Sulița, Todireni and Trușești in Botoșani County and Șipote commune in Iași County.
Botosani County has a 160 km long railway network with a density of 32.1 km / 1000 km2, below the regional average of 40.9 and below that of the country, which is over 46.5 km / 1000 km2. The North-East Region is crossed by two of the eight railway buses:
- Bucharest - Bacău - Suceava - Siret to Ukraine;
- Bucharest - Iasi - Ungheni to the Republic of Moldova.
It is worth mentioning that there is no electrified railroad in Botosani County, while the railway timetables do not meet the current necessity.
Another remark is that the CFR wagon park has advanced physical and moral wear and tear, after being in circulation for more than 30 years.
Bordering with Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova, Botosani County has three border crossing points.
The connection with the territory of Ukraine is done through the border crossing points from Siret and Racovăț, while the connection with the Republic of Moldova is ensured through the customs point of Stânca-Costești.
Health and Social Protection
The medical assistance is provided in the three hospitals in the county, Mavromati Emergency County Hospital, with the following departments: Obstetrics-Gynecology Section, Pediatric Section, Psychiatric Section, Dermato-Infectious Diseases Department; St. Gheorghe Physical Recovery Hospital; The Pneumophtiziology Hospital.
There are also Dorohoi Municipal Hospital and the City Hospitals in Darabani and Săveni. In the county there is also a Neuropsychiatry Sanatorium in Podriga, as well as six medical-social units, opened in Săveni, Flămânzi, Mihăileni, Suharău, Sulita and Ștefănești.
These hospitals can provide specialist ambulatory services, day care, home care, ambulatory paraclinical services. The provision of these services shall be negotiated and contracted separately with health insurance companies or third parties in the framework of hospital care or from the funds allocated for those services.
Ambulatory care is provided through the hospitals` external medical examinations, independent legal entities and doctors' private offices.
Community healthcare is another "branch" of the health system that includes all the community-based health activities and services to address the individual's medical and social problems, in order to maintain it in their own living environment and to be provided in an integrated system with social services. Community health care involves an integrated set of health programs and services cantered on the individual needs of healthy and ill people, delivered in an integrated system with social services.
The County Ambulance Service is a unit with legal personality, established on 1st of June, 1995 according to H.G. No.174 / 1995. The unit is made up of the headquarters (Botosani) plus 5 substations (Dorohoi, Darabani, Săveni, Trusesti, Flămânzi) covering the entire county. The County Ambulance Service currently operates with a total of 33 ambulances, distributed at headquarters and 5 substations. The number of employees serving the unit (on 1 December 2017) is 197.
In Botosani county there are also numerous private medical offices, as well as pharmacies.