- settlement: Botosani is located in the north-east of Romania, neighbouring Iasi County in the South, Suceava County in the West, Ukraine in the North and Republic of Moldova in the East.
Botosani county is located on 47 2416 parallel (in the South of Prajeni) and 48 1506 parallel (in the North of Horodistea), the 26 2'02"E meridian (in the West of Dersca) and 27 24'32"E meridian (in the south-east of Plesani-Calarasi).
The residence of the county is Botosani City.
The county has 340 localities: 2 municipals (Botosani City and Dorohoi City), 2 towns (Darabani and Saveni) and 68 communes with 336 villages.
- surface: Botosani County has 4,986 sq. km area, about 2.1 % from the whole country.
- population: 452834 inhabitants (after the population census from 2002)
- relief: Botosani is entirely placed on the old Moldavian Platform.
In the bounds of the county there are 2 relief subdivisions:
- the Siret Hills (Botosani-Dorohoi Depression included), located in the western part of the Moldavian Plain and covering ¾ of the county area Siret's Hills - higher at West- and Cozancea-Guranda Hills.
- hydrographical network: covers between 0.43-0.64 km/ square km. The rivers are: the Siret (107 km), the Prut (194 km), the Baseu and the Jijia. At Stinca-Costesti an important water dam was built, one of the biggest water accumulation in the country with a volume of 1.5 billion cubic meter a surface of 6 000 ha and 70 km long. The Volovat covers 45 km of the county. The 148 ponds in the county cover an area of 3600 hectares, thus Botosani County being the second, after Tulcea County, as far as the water surface is concerned.
- climate: the county is under the influence of the continental climate of Eastern Europe. The climatic characteristics result less from the annual and monthly values of air temperature (0-9 degrees Centigrades) and mostly from the bitter cold weather (below minus 30 degrees Centigrades) in winter and the hot weather (over 39 degrees Centigrades) in summer.